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Landsat 9 is now Functional

Landsat 9 is now Functional

Landsat 9 is now Functional. NASA in its recent update has skyrocketed Landsat 9 since September 27, 2021, at 1:12 PM CST from Vandenberg Space Force Base in Santa Barbara County, California.

Landsat 9 has also been disengaged from the Atlas V rocket at 2:34 p.m. EST, connecting 80 minutes later to the ground station at Svalbard, Norway.

The main purpose for which the U.S. created the Landsat Satellite was to observe the global land surface in a continuous manner. Which enables the view of both inherent bodies and human-made changes over timescales.

The increase of big cities has also been recorded by Landsat over time. For instance, farming trends and changing events of coasts, forests, deserts, and glaciers within the planet.

The diverse movement of animals from big and small has been cataloged by the satellite.

Landsat as we know has been in partnership with NASA and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). Succeeding to the launch of its first satellite in 1972.

According to Karen St. Germain, director of the Earth Science Division at NASA Headquarters. “This partnership has yielded positive results like up-to-date data for users varying from farmers to planners and scientists. With this data, one can understand, predict, and plan for the future in a changing climate.”

Landsat 9 is now making its way to its final orbital altitude of 438 miles (705 kilometers). It will be in a near-polar, Sun-synchronous orbit.

With both satellites, Landsat 8 and 9 being functional, can capture the entire Earth every eight days is recorded.

Landsat 9 was designed in a way to last for 5 years in rotation to replace the aged Landsat 7. To correct build-up time and the gap in observations.

The captured image is used by Scientists and researchers in detecting occurrences such as fertility of farms, large forest and health, water quality, coral reef habitat health, and glacier dynamics.

Over the years, the availability of Landsat data has been made accessible to users to check and download at this USGS website. You can also see other images of Earth from orbit at the NASA Earth Observatory website.

Landsat 9 carries the following sensors:

Similar instruments on its predecessor, Landsat 8 (satellite), can also be seen in Landsat 9, with a few modifications such as the:

  • Operational Land Imager-2 (OLI-2) for reflective band data.
  • Thermal Infrared Sensor-2 (TIRS-2) for the thermal infrared bands.
  • OLI-2 has a slightly improved signal-to-noise ratio over Landsat 8’s OLI.
  • Landsat 9’s TIRS-2 is a Class-B instrument with a five-year design life and a key improvement of stray light correction, an issue that was discovered on Landsat 8’s TIRS (Landsat 8’s TIRS is a Class-C instrument with a three-year design life).
  • As with Landsat 8, Landsat 9 has a higher imaging capacity than previous Landsat missions, allowing for more valuable Earth observations to be added into the USGS Landsat archive.


NASA’s Launch Services Program located at Kennedy Space Center in Florida has been able to manage the launch of Landsat 9. Landsat program will mark 50 years in July, and this comes after the launch of its first Landsat satellite.

And ever since, continuous coverage of Earth’s land surfaces has been provided by the above program body. Enabling earth observers and resource managers to fast track land cover, land use, and the impacts of climate change and monitor natural resources.

To remain informed about the Landsat mission, do visit www.nasa.gov/landsat9. To follow the news on  Landsat 9, please visit https://www.usgs.gov/landsat-missions/landsat-9.



Pantami affirms Launch of Second Satellite

Pantami affirms Launch of Second Satellite

In the quest to launch a second satellite (Sat 2) into orbit, Nigeria has mapped out strategies to enhance the communications status of the nation.

Minister of Communications and Digital Economy, Prof. Isa Ali Pantami made it known during a one-day facility visit and interaction with the staff of the Nigerian Communications Satellite (NIGCOMSAT) in Lugbe, Abuja. Saying this was approved by President Mohammadu Buhari for the purchase of the Satellite.

The Minister had also gone further to lobby the Minister of Finance to ensure its inclusion in the 2022 Budget, However, the amount approved and how many satellites are to be purchased was not disclosed.

News gathered shows, the Federal government has allocated about N2.5 billion for the Satellite 2 project in the 2022 budget estimate.

In 2011 Nigeria launched that existing Sat1R, with a life span of 15 years which will expire in the next four years.

The approval and establishment of some subsidiaries under NIGCOMSAT were also made known by the minister. Saying it is part of the ongoing effort to revive the institution back to the part of progress and productivity.

“Since 2019, I have been so passionate about the success of NIGCOMSAT starting with the suspension of the privatization of NIGCOMSAT. As a matter of fact, I have secured the approval of Mr. President for purchasing another Satellite.

I went further to lobby the Minister of Finance to ensure that this is included in the 2022 budget. I have also approved the establishment of some subsidiaries under NIGCOMSAT as part of efforts to revive the company and make it innovative and productive.”

The minister also told the staff of the company that the innovation in the agency is not enough and improvements need to be done.

In addition, he charged them to turn the institution around in order to justify the suspension of the proposed privatization plan.

He said, “Core values should be the guiding principle that must be adopted without compromise, to ensure that any institution is successful.

You need to be customer-centric, discover the failure of services before they realize it, fix the problem, and come up with innovative ideas. The innovation in the agency is not enough and needs to be improved upon

“You need to change your perception because you are not part of core civil servants; you are a company and should by far be above civil servants.

One of the reasons our civil service has been failing is that feeling that we are government employees, we have nothing to lose and whatever happens, we will be paid our salaries.

“There are other companies that are ready to come up and start providing similar services with you. The efforts made to stop privatization if NIGCOMSAT is for the good of the company and for the good of the country.”


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