GIS FOR BEGINNERS.
A geographic information system (GIS) is a tool for collecting, organizing, managing, manipulating, analyzing, storing, and presenting many types of spatial data.
Sounds encompassing, right? How does this tool affect me as an average person? Anyway, it isn’t until I go to colleges or universities to study it and maybe probably because it’s in the line of my job or career choice.
Surprisingly, most all individuals on earth are already using or embedded into the almighty GIS circle in their daily lives and activities without spending tuition or intentional learning it or deciding on a career path in it.
GIS is Applicable in the following areas:
GIS has been a tool used to provide a visual presentation of data that I and most people use in everyday navigation processes, location intelligence and analytics, parcel delivery and tracking, rescheduling deliveries, and finding where and when in respect to what distance or position.
Banking has evolved away from the ancient systems of “I can only send funds or perform transactions in my physical location or a bank branch where I opened an account.” Through the application of a tool that has enhanced smart planning, organizing, data transfer, data storage, and swift decision-making in the banking industry, people can make secured transactions with their bank accounts from their comfort zones to other people in far countries where their preferred bank may not even have a branch.
- Telecom and Network services.
According to Statista in 2022, including both smart and feature phones, the current number of mobile phone users is 7.26 billion, which makes 91.54% of people in the world cell phone owners and users. These services use GIS to enhance their processes through better data management and location services.
You are viewing this blog post courtesy of some elements of GIS.
- Disaster Management and Mitigation.
Efficient GIS systems protect the environment and are developed to assist risk and disaster management in different locations across the globe. This is done by developing tools used to measure risk factors. Refer to our previous blog post on How GIS can be used to estimate flood damage.
Airports manage their fleet of aircraft, make flight plans, organize schedules, estimate arrivals and departure times, and know when the weather is favorable to fly to other destinations by incorporating GIS in their repertoire of tools and systems.
The use of GIS has a profound impact on agriculture or the food value chain, at least on all humans, educated or non-educated, poor or rich, young or old depending on the food.
Local farmers might not be vast in the use of technology but they use pesticides, and fertilizers, to export their farm produce. Though they might not directly apply the tool themselves in those processes, they are embedded in the system for the dream and accomplishment of a farmer is to grow and nurture healthy farm produce in good yields, feed on, distribute, supply, and sell to others. GIS is directly or indirectly used in all the processes of getting food to the table.
Surveying involves measuring the position of objects on earth, below the earth, in water, and in space through field procedures and the use of various equipment or tools: GPS, total station, compass, measuring tape, UAVs, and many others. The data gotten from field observations are incorporated into a GIS system which calculates, estimates visualizes, and prepares digital maps, plans, graphs, and charts for understanding, decision making, and implementation purposes.
The inestimable value of GIS in deciding many life and living factors cannot be over-emphasized. In every way, GIS presents a much more calculable way of making life easier.
Geoinfotech Surveying company in Lagos, Abuja Nigeria, helps clients keep pace with up-to-date secure data that boost the growth of their businesses in no time.
Land surveying is a broad term and it has multiple things to offer, such as improving economic growth, which is an essential part of Land development industries especially when you hire competent hands.
As a surveying company, we make use of reliable surveying equipment accompanied with old-fashioned mathematics to make and measure maps or land respectively.
Our services are very detailed and it may surprise you to find out that almost every property development project begins with a survey. Here’s what you should know about our service.
- Our surveyors take notes of distances, directions, and angles between points on, above, and below the earth’s surface
- During the survey, reference points were selected to determine the exact location and significant features within the survey area using high-tech equipment.
- We also establish official land and water boundaries
- Detailed survey plan in CADD
- It is very important to us to have a recap of land records and possible sources of information labeled to the property
- We also establish where boundary lines are, in case of matters arising from disputes.
- We travel long distances to locate directions between points.
- Record the results of surveying and verify the accuracy of data.
- The capabilities of our cartographers, make it easy for them to work with other mapmakers, architects, construction managers, and so forth
- Present findings to clients, government agencies, and others through detailed prepared plots, maps, and reports
- Our experienced surveyors are able to prepare land for deeds, leases, and other legal documents
- Provide expert testimony in court regarding their work or that of other surveyors
As a surveying company in Lagos, Abuja Nigeria respectively, we work in a rigorous process and our system checklists ensure consistent and reliable results.
The extent of our work over the years has made us receive written commendation from private and government bodies that the quality of our work is among the best that they see.
We don’t just make promises to deliver of project, we back up this promise with the guarantee that you will get your project done on time with an affordable budget plan.
If you need a professional land surveyor, then look no further. Contact us via [email protected] or call +2349018724833
The Impeding Progress of Land Tenure System
Mr. Taiwo Adeniran, Surveyor-General of the Federation, spoke about the incapability of unleashing private sector-led entrepreneurship and critical development needed in Nigeria due to the current land tenure system practiced in Nigeria.
Adeniran made this known during the delivery of a paper titled: ‘Surveying Practice in Federal Capital Territory: The Burden of Land Tenure System and Lack of Adaptability to Change’, at a seminar organized by the Association of Private Practicing Surveyors of Nigeria (APPSN).
He also stressed that the Land Proclamation Ordinance validated by Lord Lugard in 1900 disregarded the principle of native law and customs, and provided that title to Land can only be owed through the high commissioner.
Adeniran concluded that the ordinance was approved to kill the institution of family and communal land ownership by facilitating the acquisition of title to land through the high commissioner.
While also criticizing the Land and Native Rights Act of 1916, Adeniran said the present land ownership system in Nigeria as enshrined in the Land Use Act of 1978 had its origin in the 1916 document enacted in the North by the colonial masters.
He said, “This shows the colonial socialist inclinations with excessive state control of land ownership, use and development”.
And cannot effectively aid private sector-driven enterprises and development initiatives, because of the creation of too many bureaucracies in the documentation of Land transactions, registration, and titling.
“The support for people empowerment is not encouraged due to the lockup capital in the land system”. Posing as a burden on the practice of surveying in the FCT as the government is the major user of the practicing surveyors’ services.
“And for this course, a call was made to revoke the Land Use Act of 1978 and the introduction of Land Reform in 2007.”
Adeniran said the United Nations won’t achieve its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030 without surveying and geospatial inputs.
And so advised surveying professionals to develop geospatial solutions in facilitating the realization of goals. In order to analyze the environment and prepare a proposal for government institutions that may want to deploy the innovations.
He urged “Surveyors and geometricians to think about solutions because surveying and geomatics are about solutions. Our major problem is that we wait for people to create jobs for us, whereas we have to create it and provide solutions for it,” he said.
The lack of understanding of issues by political leaders was pointed out by Layi Arinola, Chief Consultant, Arinmap Consultants, and advised stakeholders to come together to save the surveying profession in Nigeria, which, according to him, is slowly diminishing.
On his own, the FCT Chairman of APPSN, Solomon Olukotun, in his welcome address, disclosed that surveying practice in the FCT does not lack the requisite efforts from major stakeholders, but inadequate funding from the authorities.