The Minister of Works and Housing, Babatunde Fashola, SAN, has called for the use of geospatial data by the military and other security agencies in the fight against insurgency in the country.
The Surveyor General of the Federation (SGoF), Mr. Abuduganiyu Adebomehin also tasked the military to fully deploy the already collated data by his office to track and monitor criminals from the position of strength of its operatives.
The duo made this charge during the 2022 Survey Coordination Conference and Meeting of the Advisory Board on Survey Training tagged; ‘Geospatal Intelligence for National Security’ held at Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State on Wednesday, November 30, 2022.
Former Lagos state Governor Fashola, who was represented by Head of Department, Nigerian Cadastral, Coker Robert, noted that the office of the Surveyor General of the Federation (SGoF) is assigned to provide data of geospatial intelligence.
He urged the defense and security agencies to hold regular meetings with SGoF to tackle insurgency.
According to him, “With the help of Geospatial intelligence the movements and activities of the armed criminals can easily be tracked or monitored thus providing the military and all other security agencies the advantage of taking decisions and prosecuting war against criminal elements from positions of strength.“
Similarly, Adebomehin said, “Geospatial intelligence is nothing other than data in its right quantity, data saved, data disseminated, the implementation of that data in all spheres of life is what we have gathered to discuss and how it can be of importance to the nation as a whole and we are very hopeful that insecurity will be tackled successfully. We have one or two that we have identified.
“As surveyor, I will plead and enjoin each and everyone of us to follow the Survey Coordination Act Data. When you have data and you keep data your cover and you could not give the data to relevant authority, in that quest, for the insurgence in whatever form, then, the data is useless.
“We have deployed data and you can see the changes in the warfare away from the normal numerical strength of troops. You can see that bombs are being dropped and we have not heard any complains of dropping the bombs in wrong places,” he added.
Geographic Information Systems GIS is a tool mainly used to gather, analyse, and interpret data captured during the remote sensing process.
It is applicable in different sectors where it is used by professional analysts to analyse data for different uses.
Housing is one of the basic needs of humans along with food and water. A good shelter should protect the person in it from unfavourable weather conditions all year round.
Apart from natural disasters which occur occasionally, shelters should be able to withstand most conditions.
Even in cases of natural disasters, GIS has been known to help rescue efforts and help detect the best place to settle to prevent reoccurrences.
One of the main applications of GIS use in the housing sector has been in the area of dealing with environmental hazards such as floods, landslides, soil erosion, and drought. It is not possible to stop these events but GIS can be used to mitigate or decrease their impact
GIS aids effective land administration, providing the platform for structured housing and land management.
GIS can help individuals and businesses protect property rights, encourage open and competitive real estate markets, bring efficiencies in land administration (SDI, government, taxation, land consolidation etc)
GIS aids in Land Use Classification and planning.
GIS aids in the creation and management of Creation of address registers in partnership with local government areas, for easy analysis and upgrade of community database and mapping.
Besides mapping areas in real estate, GIS can also play an important role in spatial analysis and determination of the absolute location where houses need to be situated.
GIS Makes Performing Market Analysis Better: Market analysis is one of the most essential steps in housing. Research needed for each may differ in depth, but both require analyzing comparative sales in a given location. Prior to analysis, additional research is conducted on comparable properties recently developed in the subject property’s area.
GIS enables tasks including site selection, land suitability analysis, land use and transport modelling, the identification of planning action areas, and impact assessments.
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An uncomplicated definition of Spatial analysis is the technique applied to structures at the human scale, most notably in the analysis of geographic data.
According to Wikipedia, Spatial analysis or spatial statistics includes any of the formal techniques which study entities using their topological, geometric, or geographic properties. The spatial analysis involves a variety of methods, using different analytic approaches and applied in different fields, to chip fabrication engineering, with its use of place and route algorithms to build complex wiring structures.
The process of examining the locations, attributes, and relationships of features in spatial data through overlay and other analytical techniques in order to address a question or gain useful knowledge. Spatial analysis extracts or creates new information from spatial data. These skills have many uses ranging from emergency management and other city services, business location and retail analysis, transportation modeling, crime and disease mapping, and natural resource management.
Spatial analysis can be done using various techniques with the aid of statistics and geographical information systems (GIS).
A GIS facility enables interaction with geographical data in order to enhance the interpretation, accuracy, and prediction of spatial analysis. The spatial analysis involved in GIS can build geographical data and the resulting information will be more detailed than the erstwhile unorganized collected data.
According to the requirement of the end user, a suitable geospatial technique is chosen to be implemented with GIS. The geospatial technique selected will determine the method and classification of analysis employed.
Spatial analysis deals with statistical analysis based on patterns and underlying processes. It is a kind of geographical analysis that interprets patterns of personal characteristics and spatial appearance in terms of geostatistics and geometrics, which are known as location analysis. It involves statistical and manipulation techniques, which could be attributed to a specific geographic database.
Suppose a GIS task is assigned; to record sampling stations chosen in a selected study site with different patterns, by implementing spatial techniques appropriate results can be obtained. These results will further show the sample location’s characteristics such as if it is dispersed or clustered.
Uses of Data Analysis
Traffic Analysis Health
Crop Yield Prediction
Livestock Monitoring Town Planning
Fundamentally, spatial analysis is a set of methods producing refined results with spatial correlation. A spatial link is observed between geometric and thematic data and attributes in the data components are identified. Nowadays all GIS software has modules designed to handle spatial data and positions are connected with other features and details either spatial or nonspatial characters
On Thursday (04/14/2022), Fashola admonish surveyors to increase the generation of geospatial data during the inauguration of the 59-member council drawn from all states of the federation, as this stands to also improve the economic development of the country
In his statement, he noted that the council has the power to improve the quantity and quality of geospatial data in the country.
“I want to urge the new members on how we can improve the quality and quantity of geospatial data that is available. Our marine water is going to increase, these are matters that are directly connected to our future prosperity, security, happiness, and development.
Fashola also made it known that “The government can vouch for the qualification of the members of the council because they were carefully selected by government and to effectively discharge their duties and improve the quality of survey services in Nigeria,”
Fashola went on to say, developing human capital in the field was to prepare the next generation of surveyors for the task to make Nigeria prosper.
“We know how important geospatial data is to the development of any society, the more you have, the richer you become. This is the importance of your appointment in determining those who will play in the field of developing and harvesting the spatial data to help on how our life will be like tomorrow. It is a nation-building task.”
In the quote, he said, “We are serving to develop Nigeria’s human capital and helping to prepare the next generation of people who will take over from us. Just as some people were sitting in that council in a different year to make sure that the body was developed to where it is today. These people have gone and it is now our time to prepare the next generation.”
Clement Ikpeama Nwabichie, President of the surveyor’s council, was positive about the fact that the council would use its ability to diligently and effectively add value to SURCON when they take over office duties.
“We are aware of our responsibilities and expectations from all. We will always seek your advice to enable us to succeed. The minister has given us a template anchored on leadership, service, development of quality human capital, and geospatial development.