Role of GIS in Regional and Geographical Planning and Construction
The capacity to better understand the current needs of a city, and then design to fulfill those needs is one of the important uses of GIS in the city and regional planning and designing. By processing geospatial data from satellite imaging, aerial photography, and remote sensors, GIS users gain a detailed perspective on land and infrastructure.
Spatial data points the way to improving quality of life and building sustainable communities, while geographic information science professionals use spatial thinking to transform that data into actionable insight and solutions.
In analyzing the future population growth of an area, a geographer would study the regional environment. This environment offers certain resources, which can be compared with similar environments and resources that the geographer knows in other parts of the world.
These powerful tools help planners understand the needs of densely populated areas, but they also adapt to examining smaller towns and even informal settlements. The ability to run a variety of queries and analytics on GIS data means experts can evaluate how new construction will fit in with existing infrastructure and meet regulatory demands. Users may spot opportunities for improved resource use, identifying the best locations to harvest solar, wind, or geothermal energy.
GIS technology empowers urban planners with enhanced visibility into data. They monitor fluctuations over time, evaluate the feasibility of proposed projects and predict their effects on the environment. GIS software can also show all relevant stakeholders exactly what the changes on the ground will look like to help them make better decisions. For example, GIS software may generate visualizations of an area’s current environmental conditions and allow users to draw comparisons between the anticipated results of proposed development plans.
Urban planners in both the public and private sectors employ data-driven methods to address a wide array of issues that have long-term implications for communities and the surrounding landscape.
Some of these methods include
- Review and analysis of plans for development.
- Checks on regulatory compliance.
- Review of environmental impact.
- Preservation of historic sites.
- Regional planning beyond the borders of a city or town.
- Mapping the delivery of utilities and planning for service interruptions.
By performing land use analyses, planners can guide new developments to areas that are less prone to damage from natural disasters. Synthesizing geographic information with financial data might lead to revitalizing an urban area in need of new businesses. This can help the establishment of shopping malls and marts to provide erstwhile unavailable services and goods.
For example, GIS software can help a City’s Planning Committee to collaborate with other stakeholders in the stages of the efforts to redevelop sections of the highway.
GIS offers the means to synthesize information from a diverse set of sources, model the outcomes of multiple courses of action, and share data among the Public Works and other departments.
Experts from many different disciplines may find common ground and create actionable plans for making services and amenities more accessible and also make travel easier for the inhabitants of areas in need of better housing and construction planning.
Our take on GIS software to construction industries
Over the years, the “island of information syndrome” has begun to diminish, due to tremendous connective measures, GIS software has shown in improving the construction industry at large.
As a tech company based in Nigeria, we have been able to turn small, driven sectors of some industries into great titan industries. Capitalizing on the tech-based opportunities that can help them run projects easily.
Our GIS software enables real estate developers to implement proper coordination of plans, designs, estimates which fully gives a smooth work breakdown structure.
GIS software relation with construction industries
GIS software facilitates precise assessment in any given form of construction, either its road, factory, or any other site work. With this, complex information can be gathered by developers about the area and determine whether it fits for building.
In cases whereby natural disaster-prone areas portray floods or tectonic activity, as well as other possible disaster outcomes, GIS software helps to early identify such properties. With this in mind, GIS software allows fast, data-driven decision-making, since managers can calculate expenses and eliminate possible risks when building or exploiting a site.
With an image processing base map, GIS software analysis tools portray the story behind the data. Its analyses draw connections between geospatial features like:
- Overlap between boundaries and key elements
- 3D cause-and-effect visualization
- Network interconnectivity
- Statistical distribution and density models
- Temporal patterns that show change over time
We encourage the use of GIS software as it enables relevant stakeholders to see exactly what the changes on the ground will look like to help them make better decisions. For example, GIS software may generate visualizations of an area’s current environmental conditions and allow users to draw comparisons between the anticipated results of proposed development plans.
Some modeling GIS software’s for floodplain mapping in construction site
- DHI MIKE Products
- ArcGIS Hydro Data Model
- GIS Stream Pro
Construction and Infrastructure industries make use of the drone for numerous reasons but specifically used to capture real-time images from the field. The introduction of drone technology in construction and infrastructure industries has helped eliminate so many human errors.
Drones provide construction teams with an overhead view of job sites, materials, machinery and people.
WHY DO I NEED DRONE TECHNOLOGY IN CONSTRUCTION SITE?
- To effectively pre-plan activities to be carried out on the site: When a map is created with pre-planned data (derived from drone image), it reveals that a certain area is in a floodplain, that is probably not the best place to build. Hence designers and architects get a clear sense of how a new building might look next to an existing one.
- Safety concerns are noted: Access points where civilians could enter the work area and potentially hurt themselves are been revealed using drone technology.
- To keep a record of progress and to note problems and delays that may occur: Maps created with drone data can be created regularly and sent to a project manager, who can use them to plan and monitor progress, a crucial part of avoiding delays that can cause a project to go over budget.
- To render up to date report to clients/ customers: Handful written reports showing images created by a person manually walking the site isn’t nearly as comprehensive. This kind of report couldn’t be used for the same kind of in-depth analysis of a site to understand everything that happened there.
- To create 3D and orthomosaic maps: Photos, videos, 3D models, and orthomosaic maps created with drone data can be used to provide clients with detailed, real-time reports on how things are progressing on-site.
WHAT TO CONSIDER AS A CONTRACTOR TO CARRY OUT EFFECTIVE PROJECTS IN NIGERIA
Contractors should know that having a drone program is becoming essential, but having it implemented internally is not practical for everyone.
However, contractors would benefit from partnering with a specialized drone service subcontractor.
These specialists can help decide the best products and approach for the specific project and ensure that local and federal regulations regarding the use of airspace are followed. They also have trained and NCAA-licensed operators.