Geographic Information Systems GIS is a tool mainly used to gather, analyse, and interpret data captured during the remote sensing process.
It is applicable in different sectors where it is used by professional analysts to analyse data for different uses.
Housing is one of the basic needs of humans along with food and water. A good shelter should protect the person in it from unfavourable weather conditions all year round.
Apart from natural disasters which occur occasionally, shelters should be able to withstand most conditions.
Even in cases of natural disasters, GIS has been known to help rescue efforts and help detect the best place to settle to prevent reoccurrences.
One of the main applications of GIS use in the housing sector has been in the area of dealing with environmental hazards such as floods, landslides, soil erosion, and drought. It is not possible to stop these events but GIS can be used to mitigate or decrease their impact
- GIS aids effective land administration, providing the platform for structured housing and land management.
- GIS can help individuals and businesses protect property rights, encourage open and competitive real estate markets, bring efficiencies in land administration (SDI, government, taxation, land consolidation etc)
- GIS aids in Land Use Classification and planning.
- GIS aids in the creation and management of Creation of address registers in partnership with local government areas, for easy analysis and upgrade of community database and mapping.
- Besides mapping areas in real estate, GIS can also play an important role in spatial analysis and determination of the absolute location where houses need to be situated.
- GIS Makes Performing Market Analysis Better: Market analysis is one of the most essential steps in housing. Research needed for each may differ in depth, but both require analyzing comparative sales in a given location. Prior to analysis, additional research is conducted on comparable properties recently developed in the subject property’s area.
- GIS enables tasks including site selection, land suitability analysis, land use and transport modelling, the identification of planning action areas, and impact assessments.