DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MAPPING AND SURVEYING
There is a difference between mapping and surveying, one needs to know. And this is as follows;
Mapping: The definition of mapping is making a map or a matching process where the points of one set are matched against the points of another set. A map is a symbolic representation of a space that emphasizes linkages between things, areas, or themes. Many maps are static, meaning they are set to paper or another lasting media, although others are dynamic and interactive. Mapping also involves the action of a proposed plan for positioning or setting the positions of a designed feature.
The main types of mapping are:
Cadastral Maps and Plans.
Surveying: as the name implies could be defined as an existing location/position based science that requires students to learn and use design skills, scientific measurement skills, and interpersonal and management skills as well as the ability to transform data collected from plot site into information that can be used in land management and planning.
Surveying or land surveying is the technique, profession, and science of determining the terrestrial or three-dimensional position of points and the distances and angles between them. These points are usually on the surface of the Earth, and they are often used to establish maps and boundaries for ownership, locations like building corners or the surface location of subsurface features, or other purposes required by government or civil law, such as property sales. Surveyors use equipment like total stations, robotic total stations, GPS receivers, retroreflectors, 3D scanners, radios, handheld tablets, digital levels, subsurface locators, drones, GIS and other surveying software.
Note: One of the major difference between GIS and Surveying is Analysis
The main disciplines of surveying are:
- Land surveying.
- Engineering surveying.
- Mining surveying.
- Hydrographic surveying.
- Geodetic surveying.
- Photogrammetry and remote sensing.
Surveying and mapping enable an enhanced practice that is generally governed by professional practice laws and regulations in other to improve the social-economic development of various states in Nigeria. While Federal land surveying activities may be exempted from some areas of land surveying by specific language in each State’s legislation, these laws provide unique insight into local practices and customs.
Hence our mission at Geoinfotech Resource Limited since its inception as regards Surveying and Mapping is to support the positioning community, overseeing, as a leading professional company, the development and use of earth-referencing systems. In order to lead the community of geodetic, surveying, and land information data users through the 21st century.