GIS is a technological field that incorporates geographical features with tabular data in order to map, analyze, and assess real-world problems.
The keyword of this technology is Geography – this means that some portion of the data is spatial.
The use of geospatial technologies is increasingly being used in a variety of fields.
Learning GIS Software Applications
One solid way of getting a good job in the field of GIS involves taking classes in cartography, GIS, spatial analysis, database management, web technologies, and programming. There are a lot of GIS certificate courses emerging that help solve the confusion as to which classes to take,
The best way to attain a career in GIS is through an internship. Internships are mostly low-paying, part-time jobs but they are the best way to get further GIS training and to develop your GIS skills in a real-world setting.
Companies hire GIS analysts to create spatial data sets, prepare maps and maintain databases. But GIS analysts also often prepare reports, perform research and give a professional opinion. As a GIS analyst, one is needed in almost every discipline for spatial data management.
Getting Experience in GIS
For the GIS Technician, GIS is the job.GIS Analyst is higher than the GIS Technician and probably having some specialist knowledge of spatial analysis may be in a particular field (e.g. oil sector, renewable energy, civil engineering etc).
As with all fields, nothing beats real-world experience.1-2 years of hands-on experience with GIS-based software.
If you first took an internship, you should be able to aim the job title Technician or Specialist which tends to be used interchangeably.
Such tasks include the ability to edit vector data, create data in a GIS software application from a multitude of sources (paper documents, spreadsheets, handwritten maps, GPS data, drone collected data) would have been mastered.
2-3 years on the job experience with GIS-based software would earn the title of being an analyst, an analyst should be primarily concerned with application development and should have a fair amount of programming experience.
Depending on the company or agency, usually, the title Manager has at least 5-6 years of experience in the field which attribute the title of a GIO( Geographic Information Officer), a Geographic Information Officer is an executive-level position in the GIS field.
As with all technical fields, GIS is a rapidly developing field. Do well to keep yourself up-to-date by attending conferences and reading GIS-based publications.